6 levels of vehicle autonomy - jaredgorski.org

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6 levels of vehicle autonomy

Keywords: autonomous driving, self-driving cars, ai, technology
Date:
  • level 0:
    • no driving automation, completely manual
  • level 1:
    • driver assistance:
      • cruise control
      • adaptive cruise control (keeps car a distance behind the car in front)
  • level 2:
    • partial driving automation:
      • advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS):
        • vehicle controls both steering and speed
        • human can take control at any time
        • Tesla Autopilot is level 2
  • level 3:
    • conditional driving automation:
      • "environmental detection" capabilities
      • still requires humans to override -- driver must be paying attention
  • level 4:
    • mostly do not need human interaction
    • cars can generally deal with adverse circumstances
    • use is limited by regulation
    • Waymo is considered level 4 (as of 2020)
  • level 5:
    • full driving automation
    • no human attention needed
    • level 5 cars won't have any human driving controls (steering wheels or pedals)

Source: https://www.synopsys.com/automotive/autonomous-driving-levels.html

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