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The web

Keywords: front end foundations, html, css, web development
  • Web was started by Tim Berners-Lee:
    • began as a way to distribute data on "cards" that were linked with "hyperlinks"
    • was instituted later as the "World Wide Web"
    • the language of webpages is HTML
    • HTML is input as a plain text document that is then interpreted and converted into web content for visual consumption
      • when we write HTML we put it inside of a file with the extension .html
      • so, web browsers are basically just "HTML readers"
    • URLs can be thought of as paths to HTML files:
      • http:// (protocol) + example.com (server) + /magic-cake.html (path to an HTML file)
      • Browser uses URL to request HTML file from server and then display the HTML